Bilingual Equestrian Terms

A
Accompanying horse

Accompanying horse
伴隨馬

Rider can apply to the FEI to have such a horse standing near the FOP to calm a competing horse
避免馬匹受驚,騎手可向FEI申請安排這匹非比賽的伴隨馬站在比賽場地旁邊

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Aid

Aid
輔助

Appeal committee

Appeal committee
仲裁委員會

Arena

Arena
(比賽)場地

B
Bit

Bit
銜鐵

Bridle

Bridle
轡頭

C
Caller

Caller
字母呼叫員

Specifically for visually disabled riders. Callers “call” the letters around the arena, enabling such riders to find their way around.
供有視力障礙的騎手專用,代表字母場地內的英文字母,在騎手經過一個字母時,喊出這個字母

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Canter

Canter
跑步

A faster pace than trot. There are several canter paces:
- Collected canter(縮短跑步)
- Working canter(工作跑步)
- Medium canter(中間跑步)
- Extended canter(伸長跑步)
Canter is a three-beat pace.

Certificate of Capability

Certificate of Capability
能力証明書

Chef d’Equipe

Chef d’Equipe
領隊

原是法語,馬術比賽中的領隊名詞只用法語

Classification

Classification
分級

分級員需以騎手的視力障礙、腦癱、截肢或身體其他部位障礙程度進行評定分級,通常騎手在比賽前已經評定其級別。在重要的比賽中,分級員會觀察騎手的訓練和比賽,根據他們的觀察並綜合其他資料來決定一個騎手是否需要被重新分級

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Classifier

Classifier
分級師

1 Chief Classifier and 2 Classifiers
殘疾人馬術比賽中有1個主分級師及2個分級師

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Code of Conduct

Code of Conduct
行為守則

This is established by the FEI
由FEI所訂

Collected canter

Collected canter
縮短跑步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Collected trot

Collected trot
縮短快步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Collected walk

Collected walk
縮短慢步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Collecting ring

Collecting ring
檢錄處

Collection

Collection
收縮

馬匹將所有力量收縮於後腿上

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Combination

Combination
組合障礙

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Commander

Commander
動作提示員

Riders with memory disability can apply to the FEI for a Team Official to instruct movements during a competition.
有記憶障礙的騎手可向FEI申請比賽時安排一名Team Official提示比賽動作

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Compensation aid

Compensation aid
輔助工具

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Competition Manager

Competition Manager
競賽主任

Show Director in charge of competition in the Field of Play, training arenas and stables
負責有關比賽場地、練習場地及馬房的賽事主管

Competition venue

Competition venue
比賽場地

Counter-canter

Counter-canter
反跑步

A movement where the horse canters on the opposite leading leg. For example, when on a circle to the right, the horse is on the left lead.

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Course designer

Course designer
場地設計師

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Cross-Country

Cross-Country
越野賽

The Cross-Country test requires the horses to clear a series of natural obstacles on a set course within the optimal time
越野賽,要求馬匹在指定時間內跨越賽道上的一連串天然或仿天然障礙

Eventing 三項賽

D
Disciplines

Disciplines
分項目

There are a number of equestrian disciplines:
- Dressage (盛裝舞步賽)
- Jumping (場地障礙賽)
- Eventing (三項賽)
- Para-Equestrian Dressage (殘疾人盛裝舞步賽)
- Vaulting

Disqualification

Disqualification
取消資格

Doping Control

Doping Control
藥檢控制

賽後檢驗騎手/ 馬匹有否違禁藥物

Double combination

Double combination
雙重障礙

An obstacle comprising of 2 fences (A&B)
由兩個欄(A&B) 組成的障礙

Jumping 場地障礙賽

Dressage

Dressage
盛裝舞步賽

Dressage is often called “equestrian ballet”. The horse is required to perform a series of set movements, or freestyle set to music, to demonstrate its close partnership with its rider. The scores are evaluated by a panel of judges based on the precision and elegance of the movements
盛裝舞步賽亦稱為「馬術芭蕾」,要求馬匹做出指定動作,或隨音樂自編動作,展示與騎手的緊密合作,並根據動作的美感及準確性來評分

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽

Dressage ring

Dressage ring
盛裝舞步圍欄

E
Elimination

Elimination
淘汰

Equestrian

Equestrian
馬術

Name of the horse sport, where an athlete partners with a horse in competition, and one of the very few sports where men and women compete on equal terms. It is one of the sports in the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games.
馬術是人類夥拍馬匹參與比賽、不分男女的項目。亦是奧運及殘疾人奧運會項目之一

Eventing

Eventing
三項賽

Eventing comprises Dressage, Cross-Country and Jumping, with the winners decided on minimum total penalties. Each competitor rides the same horse throughout the competition, which may be held on separate and consecutive days
三項賽可說是「全能馬術比賽」,由盛裝舞步賽、越野賽及場地障礙賽組成,以罰分最少決勝負。騎手須以同一馬匹完成連續數天的賽事

Eventing 三項賽

Exercise area

Exercise area
訓練場

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Extended canter

Extended canter
伸長跑步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Extended trot

Extended trot
伸長快步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Extended walk

Extended walk
伸長慢步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

F
Fall of horse

Fall of horse
馬匹跌倒

Fall of rider

Fall of rider
墮馬(國內稱為:落馬/摔馬)

Field of Play (FOP)

Field of Play (FOP)
比賽場地

Figure of eight

Figure of eight
8字形

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Flying change of leg

Flying change of leg
空中變腳

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Free walk

Free walk
自由慢步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Freestyle Test

Freestyle Test
自選動作賽

A dressage test in which the rider and the horse freely interpret self-choreographed movements to the music of their choice
騎手與馬匹演繹自選音樂和自編動作

G
Girth

Girth
肚帶

Grade

Grade
級別

In Para-Dressage, athletes are classified into five grades (Grades Ia, Ib, II, III and IV). Grade Ia athletes have the most serious impairment while Grade IV athletes are the least impaired
殘疾人馬術分為五個級別的騎手 – 級別Ia, Ib, II, III 及IV,級別Ia和Ib的騎手殘疾程度最為嚴重;級別IV的騎手殘疾程度最輕微

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Grand Prix

Grand Prix
大獎賽科目

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽

Grand Prix Special

Grand Prix Special
大獎賽特別科目

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽

Groom

Groom
馬僮 (國內稱為:馬伕 )

Horse attendant

Ground Jury member

Ground Jury member
裁判團

H
Half halt

Half halt
半停止

Half pass

Half pass
斜橫步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Halt

Halt
立定

Helmet

Helmet
騎士帽

Eventing 三項賽

Horse inspection

Horse inspection
驗馬

Also called “Trot up”. Horse will be led by a person to walk & trot back and forth on a 50-metre flat track for inspecting its fitness to compete by the Ground Jury, Vet Delegate and Vet Commission.
馬匹於50米平地上被一人帶着慢行及行快步,同時由裁判長、獸醫技術代表及獸醫委員會觀察,以檢驗馬匹狀況是否適合比賽

I
Impulsion

Impulsion
推進

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Individual Competition

Individual Competition
個人賽

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

International Olympic Committee (IOC)
國際奧林匹克委員會(國際奧委會)

International Paralympic Committee (IPC)

International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
國際殘疾人奧林匹克委員會 (國際殘奧委會)

J
Judge

Judge
裁判

Jumping

Jumping
場地障礙賽

場地障礙賽要求騎師和馬匹跳越一連串障礙,以最少罰分為目標,並須於指定時間內完成賽事

A jumping competition requires the horse to jump and clear a series of obstacles, typically aiming for minimum penalties incurred and completion within a set time

Jumping 場地障礙賽

K
Knock down

Knock down
碰趺欄杆(國內稱為:打杆)

L
Lateral movement

Lateral movement
橫向運動

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Leg yielding

Leg yielding
橫步 直體斜行

 

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Lengthening of steps

Lengthening of steps
步幅伸長

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Lengthening of strides

Lengthening of strides
步幅伸長

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Liverpool

Liverpool
小水池

設於水池上的障礙

Jumping obstacle set on a pool

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

M
Medication control program

Medication control program
違禁藥物管理

賽後檢驗馬匹有否違禁藥物

Medium canter

Medium canter
中間跑步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Medium trot

Medium trot
中間快步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Medium walk

Medium walk
中間慢步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Member of Ground Jury

Member of Ground Jury
裁判

Minimum Eligibility

Minimum Eligibility
基本能力

N
National Olympic Committee (NOC)

National Olympic Committee (NOC)
國家奧運委員會(國家奧委會))

是國際奧林匹克委員會(國際奧委會)認可的國家級組織,主要負責統籌其國家參加奧林匹克運動會的事務

A national organization recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for organizing the country’s participation in the Olympic Games

National Paralympic Committee (NPC)

National Paralympic Committee (NPC)
國家殘疾人奧運委員會(國家殘奧委會)

是國際殘疾人奧林匹克委員會(國際殘奧委會)認可的國家級組織,主要負責統籌其國家參加殘疾人奧林匹克運動會的事務

A national organization recognized by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) for organizing the country’s participation in the Paralympic Games

O
Obstacles

Obstacles
障礙

Oxer (or Spread)

Oxer (or Spread)
伸展障礙

有闊度的障礙,可有水池

Obstacles with width, e.g. liverpool

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

P
Para-Equestrian Dressage (or Para Dressage)

Para-Equestrian Dressage (or Para Dressage)
殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

競賽項目。1996年起,殘疾人盛裝舞步賽已正式成為殘疾人奧運會的規定競賽項目

An equestrian discipline, and a regular fixture in Paralympic Games in 1996

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Passage

Passage
高抬腿; 帕薩奇

高抬腿前行的意思,舞步的動作之一。國內經常翻譯成帕薩奇

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

PE ID Card

PE ID Card
殘疾人馬術身分證

說明騎手的級別、殘疾程度及所用的輔助工具

States the grade and level of impairment of the rider, as well as the compensation aid used

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Penalty

Penalty
罰分

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Piaffe

Piaffe
原地踏步; 皮亞斐 (國內翻譯)

原地踏步的意思,舞步的動作之一

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Pirouette

Pirouette
後肢旋轉

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

President of Ground Jury

President of Ground Jury
總裁判

Protocol

Protocol
禮賓

Q
Quarantine

Quarantine
馬匹檢疫

R
Refusal

Refusal
拒跳

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Rein

Rein
韁繩

Reinback

Reinback
後退

往後行

Where the horse move backwards in a controlled way as directed by the rider. This is a two-beat movement.

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Run out

Run out
逃避

由障礙閃開,拒跳的一種

A type of refusal, dodge from an obstacle

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

S
Saddle

Saddle
馬鞍

Saddlery

Saddlery
馬具

Schedule

Schedule
秩序冊

Security

Security
保安

Serpentine

Serpentine
蛇行

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Shoulder in

Shoulder in
肩向內

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Simple change of leg at the canter

Simple change of leg at the canter
簡易變腳

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Spectator Services

Spectator Services
觀眾服務

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Spread (or Oxer)

Spread (or Oxer)
伸展障礙

有闊度的障礙,可有水池

Obstacles with width, e.g. liverpool

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Spur

Spur
靴剌(國內稱為:馬刺)

Stable

Stable
馬房

Start list

Start list
出場順序

Steward

Steward
賽事監管

技術官員的一種,協助賽事進行

A type of NTO who ensures horse welfare is enforced in the event

Stirrup

Stirrup
腳蹬

Submission

Submission
順從

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

T
Team Competition

Team Competition
團體賽 隊制賽

Team Test

Team Test
團體賽科目 隊制賽

Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Technical Delegate (TD)

Technical Delegate (TD)
技術代表

FEI 指定,每個項目有一個技術代表

One TD for each disciplines (e.g. Vet Delegate), all appointed by FEI

Time allowed

Time allowed
允許時間

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Time limit

Time limit
限制時間

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Time penalty

Time penalty
時間罰分

Jumping 場地障礙賽, Eventing 三項賽

Top Hat

Top Hat
大禮帽 (國內稱為:舞步禮帽)

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Training Arena

Training Arena
練習場地

Transition

Transition
轉換

Transport

Transport
交通及運輸

Treble combination

Treble combination
三重障礙

由三個欄組成的障礙(A, B, C)

An obstacle with 3 fences (A, B, C)

Jumping 場地障礙賽

Triple bar

Triple bar
三橫木

一種障礙

A type jumping obstacle

Jumping 場地障礙賽

Trot

Trot
快步

  • 縮短快步

  • 工作快步

  • 中間快步

  • 伸長快步

  • Collected trot

  • Working trot

  • Medium trot

  • Extended trot

Trot up

Trot up
驗馬

Horse Inspection

V
Venue Manager

Venue Manager
場館主任

Vertical (obstacle)

Vertical (obstacle)
垂直障礙

Jumping 場地障礙賽

Vet Commission

Vet Commission
獸醫委員會

Vet Services

Vet Services
獸醫服務

Veterinary surgeon

Veterinary surgeon
獸醫

Victory Ceremony

Victory Ceremony
頒獎儀式

Volte

Volte
小圓

10米直徑以下圓圈

A ridden circle of under 10 metres in diameter

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Volunteer

Volunteer
義工 (國內稱為:志願者)

W
Walk

Walk
慢步

  • 縮短慢步

  • 中間慢步

  • 伸長慢步

  • 自由慢步

  • Collected walk

  • Medium walk

  • Extended walk

  • Free walk 

Warm-up area

Warm-up area
熱身區

Include several warm-up arenas

Warm-up arena

Warm-up arena
熱身場地

為馬匹熱身所用。設有場地障礙賽所用的欄杆或盛裝舞步賽所用的舞步圍欄

For warm-up and training of horses. Usually set up with competition materials, e.g. fences for Jumping or Dressage ring for Dressage

Water jump

Water jump
水障

Jumping 場地障礙賽

Whip

Whip
馬鞭

Wild card

Wild card
外咭

自動入選

Automatic qualification to a particular competition

Working canter

Working canter
工作跑步

是舞步的動作之一,是跑步的一種,一般屬中級科目

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽

Working trot

Working trot
工作快步

Dressage 盛裝舞步賽, Para-Equestrian Dressage 殘疾人盛裝舞步賽